Dollar Peg

UST loses dollar peg as Terra market cap slumps

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Terra’s dollar-pegged stablecoin, terraUSD (UST), “depegged” for the second time this week, dropping to as low as US$0.6841 in Tuesday morning trading in Asia, according to CoinMarketCap. It has since recovered slightly.

See related article: What are stablecoins, and why are some governments so afraid of them?

Fast facts

  • Terra’s price also dropped by over 60% of its value since late last week, resulting in a market capitalization of US$11.5 billion, less than that of its own UST.
  • UST is an algorithmic stablecoin of the Terra network, which uses the native token LUNA as collateral to peg the UST to the U.S. dollar.
  • Smart contracts are reportedly used to control the supply of LUNA to maintain the UST’s dollar peg.
  • As Terra’s market cap is now less than UST, there is likely not enough capital to back the underlying token, affecting the peg.
  • The Luna Foundation Guard on Sunday said it would lend US$750 million of its Bitcoin reserves to stabilize UST’s price following the depegging when UST’s value fell under US$0.99.
  • These are the first major depegging events for UST since mid-March when Terra said it bought US$10 billion worth of Bitcoin reserves to stabilize the asset.
  • The rest of the crypto market was also down as Bitcoin briefly dropped below the US$30,000 mark for the first time since July last year before recovering to US$30,674 at press time.

See related article: Terra founder bets millions on LUNA’s annual growth





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